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Bed Bug Facts:

Click here to download a pdf version of Bed Bugs fact sheet.​

What are bed bugs?

  • Bed bugs are small oval, flat, reddish-brown insects.  They are 5 millimetres long (1/4 inch).
  • Bed bugs bite at night to get a blood meal.

How are bed bugs spread?

  • Bed bugs can be carried into a home on clothing, suitcases, bedding, mattresses and furniture.
  • Bed bugs hide in small places, therefore, inspections and treatment must be very thorough.
  • In the home, some places they hide are:
    • in mattresses or box spring seams,
    • in tufts or crevices of mattresses,
    • behind baseboards,
    • under loose wallpaper,
    • in couches, or
    • in cracks and crevices in walls, floors or furniture
  • They may hide during the day and come out at night.

What are the signs and symptoms?

  • Bed bugs are not associated with transmitting human diseases.
  • You may notice small blood spots on bedding or reddish, itchy bites on arms or upper body.
  • Bed bugs can survive up to one year without feeding.
  • They have been known to survive freezing.

How are bed bugs treated?

  • Bed bugs can be eliminated by using pesticides containing propoxur, permethrin, pyrethrin or diatomaceous earth.
  • If you are a renter, contact your landlord to arrange for a licenced exterminator to treat your dwelling.
  • It may take a number of days for the bed bugs to be eliminated.

How are bed bugs prevented? 

  • Ensure any used furniture, mattresses or bedding you purchase are free of bed bugs.
  • Launder any clothing that you think may have been in contact with items that may contain bedbugs.

For more information contact:

Environmental Public Health Department​
Population and Public Health
#101-310 Idylwyld Drive North

Saskatoon SK  S7L 0Z2
Phone:  306-655-4605

Recommended Website:  Pesticides and Pest Management-Health Canada

Bed Bug Information for Schools:

Information for Schools (from Michigan Bed Bugs Working Group)


Last Modified: Friday, March 2, 2018 |
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